Introduction to Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) Course Outline 2023

Categories : DIT , DIT Course Contents 2023

The following article presents the 1. Introduction to Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) Course Outline 2023 (DIT-Part I) which includes contents, outlines / syllabus, and reference materials for the said course. This course, comprising approximately 42 topics, focuses on areas such as Introduction to Computers,  System Unit Components, Input and Output Devices, Digital Storage, System Software, Application Software, and The Internet & the World Wide Web. Developed by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Board of Technical and Commerce Education in 2023, this newly devised study scheme aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of ICT.

1.1 History and Evolution of Computers

1.2 Hardware Components:

Input Devices, Output Devices, System Unit, Storage Devices, Communication Devices

1.3 Computer Software:

System Software, Application Software, Installing and Running

1.4 Programs, Software Development

1.5 Computer Types:

Personal Computers, Desktop Computers, Mobile Computing Devices, Embedded Computers, Game Consoles, Servers, Thin Clients, Mainframes, Supercomputers

1.6 Computer Applications:

Education, Finance, Government, Health Care, Science, Publishing, Travel, Manufacturing


2.1 The Motherboard

2.2 Processor

The Control Unit, The Arithmetic Logic Unit, Machine Cycle, The System Clock, Comparison of PC Processors

2.3 Memory

Bits, Bytes, Addressing, Types (RAM, ROM, Cache, Flash, CMOS)

2.4 Expansion Slots, Adapter Cards and Drive Bays

2.5 Ports and Connectors

USB, VGA, HDMI, Audio, Network, FireWire 2.6 Power Supply


3.1 What is input?

3.2 Keyboard and Pointing devices

Mouse, Joystick, Trackball, Touchpad

3.3 Touch Screen, Pen and Stylus

3.4 Other types of input

Game Controllers, Digital Cameras, Voice Input, Scanners, Biometric, Terminals

3.5 What is output?

3.6 Display Devices:

CRT Monitors, LCD/LED Monitors

3.7 Printers:

Non-Impact/Impact, Inkjet, Laser, Multifunction, Thermal, Plotters & Large format printers

3.8 Other Output Devices:

Speakers, Headphones, Multimedia Projectors, Interactive Whiteboards


4.1. Hard Disks

Characteristics of a Hard Disk, Internal/External, RAID, NAS

4.2. Flash Storage

Solid State Drives, Memory Cards, USB Flash Drives, Express Card

4.3. Optical Storage

CDs, DVDs, Blue-ray Disks 4.4. Magnetic Tape Storage 4.5. Cloud Storage


5.1. Operating Systems

5.2. OS Functions

Starting and Shutting Down a Computer, Providing a User Interface, Managing Programs, Managing Memory, Coordinating Tasks, Configuring Devices, Establishing an Internet Connection, Monitoring Performance, Providing File Management and Other Utilities, Updating Software Automatically, Controlling a Network, Administering Security

5.3. OS Types:

Stand-Alone OS, Server OS, Embedded OS; Windows, Linux

5.4. OS Utility Programs:

File Manager, Search Utility, Uninstaller, Image Viewer, Disk Cleanup, Disk Defragmenter, Backup and Restore Utilities, Screen Saver, Firewall, Antivirus Programs, Spyware and Adware Removers, File Compression, Media Player, Disc Burning

5.5. Personal Computer Maintenance


6.1. The need and role of Application Software

6.2. Working with Application Software

6.3. Business Software

Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Databases, Presentations, Project Management, Personal Information Manager Software, Business Software for Smartphones, Accounting Software Graphics & Multimedia Software: Computer-Aided Design, Desktop Publishing, Paint/Image Editing Software, Video and Audio Editing Software, Multimedia Authoring, Web Page Authoring Software

6.4. Web Applications

6.5. Typing Assistance Software (Typing Tutor/Master etc)


7.1. Network and the Internet

Connecting to the Internet, Access Providers, How Data Travel on the Internet, Internet Addresses

7.2. The World Wide Web

Browsing the Web, Web Addresses, Navigating Web Pages, Searching on the Web, Types of Web Sites, Web Publishing

7.3. E-Commerce

7.4. Other Services on the Internet:

E-Mail, Instant Messaging, VoIP, FTP, Video Conferencing, Social Media

7.5. Computer Security

Computer Malware and Attacks, Safeguards against Viruses, Worms, Trojan Horses, Malware

7.6. Information Privacy

7.7. Computer Ethics

7.8. Cybercrimes

7.9. Health Concerns of Computer Use

Reference Material / Books

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